FORMAT: Online Only
One measure might be democracy. As noted, democracy works only if people have the specific civic virtues to be able to work for the common good. Civility is near the heart of such virtues. Think for a moment about how democracy is supposed to work. We expect in a democracy that citizens’ mutual deliberation and reflection properly inform their public policy decisions. Deliberation of this sort depends on citizens being able to speak and to listen to one another with openness. It begs civility. Without civility the requisite discourse of viable democracy collapses.